Roundel of the French Capitaine (le)(en Action) PDF Force before 1945. France with 54 victories during World War I, and a French national hero at the time of his death.
De petits livres cartonnés adaptés aux mains des enfants curieux de découvrir l’activité quotidienne de professionnels en action, comme le pilote d’avion, le capitaine de navire, le pompier et l’ouvrier au chantier. Le rôle du pilote dans l’avion et sa cabine, les activités d’un capitaine de navire, les camarades de caserne du pompier et la tractopelle de l’ouvrier au chantier sont à découvrir dans ces ouvrages aux illustrations attachantes, comme les personnages dont ils sont les héros..
Georges Marie Ludovic Jules Guynemer was born in Compiègne to a wealthy and aristocratic family. His mother was Julie, Countess of Saint-Quentin. He experienced an often sickly childhood. Nevertheless, he succeeded as an aviator through his enormous drive and self-confidence.
He was originally rejected 5 times for military service due to frailty, but was accepted for training as a mechanic in late 1914. With determination, he gained acceptance to pilot training, joining Escadrille MS. On 5 December 1915, the Escadrille MS. 3 was renamed the Escadrille N.
3, after being re-equipped with new Nieuport 10 fighters. Flying the more effective plane, Guynemer quickly established himself as one of France’s premier fighter pilots. VII, nicknamed « Vieux Charles », preserved at Musée de l’Air et de l’Espace. Guynemer became influential enough to affect French fighter aircraft design.
On January 26, 1917 Guynemer forced down an Albatros C. Guynemer failed to return from a combat mission on 11 September 1917. The previous week had been one of mechanical ills, in both his assigned aircraft and the ones he borrowed. At 08:30, with rookie pilot Jean Bozon-Verduraz, Guynemer took off in his Spad XIII S. His mission was to patrol the Langemark area. Paris by the French War Department on 25 September 1917. Unofficial confirmation came from a captured German pilot who was shot down behind Canadian lines the evening of 29 September.
Guynemer sighted five machines of the Albatros type D-3. Without hesitation, he bore down on them. At that moment enemy patrolling machines, soaring at a great height, appeared suddenly and fell upon Guynemer. The last fight of the French aviator occurred four or five miles inside the German lines northeast of Ypres and opposite the British lines. Captain Guynemer was accompanied by Lieutenant Bozon Verduraz, who says that they were flying at a height of 15,000 feet when Guynemer sighted an enemy two-seater, which he attacked. Almost at the same moment Verduraz saw four German monoplanes approaching and turned toward them instantly so as to draw them off.
The two-seater, identified as a Rumpler type by Bozon-Verduraz, has never been identified, but recent research shows that could have been a machine flown by the Lt. According to an American Red Cross communique from the French front, the death of Captain Georges Guynemer was determined to be « definitely confirmed ». Information received by the Red Cross says Guynemer was shot through the head north of Poelcapelle, on the Ypres front. His body was identified by a photograph on his pilot’s license found in his pocket.
The burial took place at Brussels in the presence of a guard of honor, composed of the 5th Prussian Division. Such is the story told by a Belgian, who has just escaped from the Germans. Guynemer had 54 victories at the time of his death. Hispano-Suiza stork hood ornament styled after Guynemer’s squadron emblem. Guynemer was lionized by the French press and became a national hero.
The French government encouraged the publicity to boost morale and take the people’s minds off the terrible losses in the trenches. Guynemer was embarrassed by the attention, but his shyness only increased the public’s appetite to know everything about him. The Paris street rue Guynemer is named after him as is a school in Compiègne, the Institution Guynemer. A statue is erected in Poelcapelle in commemoration of Georges Guynemer. The episode The Last Flight from season one of the American television series The Twilight Zone, which first aired on 5 February 1960, was loosely based on the disappearance of Guynemer put to fictional speculation as to what happened to him.