Jump to navigation Jump to search Not to be confused with Edmund Landau. Soviet physicist who made fundamental contributions to many areas of theoretical physics. In 1924, he moved to the complete Met Theoretical- PDF centre of Soviet physics at the time: the Physics Department of Leningrad State University, where he dedicated himself to the study of theoretical physics, graduating in 1927. After brief stays in Göttingen and Leipzig, he went to Copenhagen on 8 April 1930 to work at the Niels Bohr’s Institute for Theoretical Physics.
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He stayed there until 3 May of the same year. Landau developed a famous comprehensive exam called the « Theoretical Minimum » which students were expected to pass before admission to the school. The exam covered all aspects of theoretical physics, and between 1934 and 1961 only 43 candidates passed, but those who did later became quite notable theoretical physicists. From 1937 until 1962, Landau was the head of the Theoretical Division at the Institute for Physical Problems. Landau led a team of mathematicians supporting Soviet atomic and hydrogen bomb development. He calculated the dynamics of the first Soviet thermonuclear bomb, including predicting the yield.
Landau received the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physics for his development of a mathematical theory of superfluidity that accounts for the properties of liquid helium II at a temperature below 2. In 1937, Landau married Kora T. Their son Igor was born in 1946. Landau believed in « free love » rather than monogamy and encouraged his wife and his students to practise « free love ».