Discours de la servitude volontaire PDF

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« Ce sont donc les peuples mesme qui se laissent ou plustost se font gourmander, puis qu’en cessant de servir ils en seroient quittes, c’est le peuple qui s’asservit, qui se coupe la gorge, qui, aiant le chois ou d’estre serf ou d’estre libre, quitte sa franchise et prend le joug; qui consent à son mal, ou plustost le pourchasse « . C’est là que j’ai trouvé, vers mes vingt-cinq ans, la meilleure description des logiques de la tyrannie, comme le secret scandaleux de la solidarité des victimes et des bourreaux : « D’où a il pris tant d’yeulx, dont il vous espie, si vous ne les luy baillés ? Comment a il tant de mains pour vous fraper, s’il ne les prend de vous ? Que vous pourroit il faire, si vous n’estiés receleurs du larron qui vous pille, complices du meurtrier qui vous tue, et traistres à vous mesmes ? ».

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French judge, writer and « a founder of modern political philosophy in France ». La Boétie was born in Sarlat, in the Périgord region of southwest France, in 1530 to an aristocratic family. To him, the great mystery of politics was obedience to rulers. Why in the world do people agree to be looted and otherwise oppressed by government overlords?

It is not just fear, Boetie explains in « The Discourse on Voluntary Servitude, » for our consent is required. And that consent can be non-violently withdrawn. It was once thought following Montaigne’s claims that La Boétie wrote the essay in 1549 at the age of eighteen, but recent authorities argue that it is « likely that the Discourse was written in 1552 or 1553, at the age of twenty-two, while La Boétie was at the university ». Some Montaigne scholars have argued that the essay was in fact the work of Montaigne himself.

In the 20th century, many European anarchists began to cite La Boétie as an influence, including Gustav Landauer, Bart de Ligt and Simone Weil. Discours de la servitude volontaire, Editions Mille et une nuits, 1997. Discours de la servitude volontaire, Editions Flammarion, 1993. The Politics of Obedience: The Discourse of Voluntary Servitude, translated by Harry Kurz and with an introduction by Murray Rothbard, Free Life Editions, 1975. Having remained long in manuscript, the actual date of writing the Discourse of Voluntary Servitude remains a matter of dispute.